Functional Neuroimaging of Belief, Disbelief, and Uncertainty epub – Replica-watches.co

Functional Neuroimaging of Belief, Disbelief, and Uncertainty epub – Replica-watches.co

ABSTRACT Objective The difference between believing and disbelieving a proposition is one of the most potent regulators of human behavior and emotion When we accept a statement as true, it becomes the basis for further thought and action rejected as false, it remains a string of words The purpose of this study was to differentiate belief, disbelief, and uncertainty at the level of the brain.Methods We used functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI to study the brains of 14 adults while they judged written statements to be true belief , false disbelief , or undecidable uncertainty To characterize belief, disbelief, and uncertainty in a content independent manner, we included statements from a wide range of categories autobiographical, mathematical, geographical, religious, ethical, semantic, and factual.Results The states of belief, disbelief, and uncertainty differentially activated distinct regions of the prefrontal and parietal cortices, as well as the basal ganglia.Interpretation Belief and disbelief differ from uncertainty in that both provide information that can subsequently inform behavior and emotion The mechanism underlying this difference appears to involve the anterior cingulate cortex ACC and the caudate While many areas of higher cognition are likely involved in assessing the truth value of linguistic propositions, the final acceptance of a statement as true, or its rejection as false, seems to rely on primitive, hedonic processing in the medial prefrontal cortex and the anterior insula Truth may be beauty, and beauty truth, in than a metaphorical sense, and false propositions might actually disgust us.READ THE FULL PAPER HERE Functional Neuroimaging of Belief, Disbelief, and Uncertainty READ THE EDITORIAL ABOUT THE STUDY WRITTEN BY OLIVER SACKS JOY HIRSCH HERE Neurology of Belief ABSTRACT Objective The Difference Between Believing And Disbelieving A Proposition Is One Of The Most Potent Regulators Of Human Behavior And Emotion When We Accept A Statement As True, It Becomes The Basis For Further Thought And Action Rejected As False, It Remains A String Of Words The Purpose Of This Study Was To Differentiate Belief, Disbelief, And Uncertainty At The Level Of The BrainMethods We Used Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging FMRI To Study The Brains Of Adults While They Judged Written Statements To Be True Belief , False Disbelief , Or Undecidable Uncertainty To Characterize Belief, Disbelief, And Uncertainty In A Content Independent Manner, We Included Statements From A Wide Range Of Categories Autobiographical, Mathematical, Geographical, Religious, Ethical, Semantic, And FactualResults The States Of Belief, Disbelief, And Uncertainty Differentially Activated Distinct Regions Of The Prefrontal And Parietal Cortices, As Well As The Basal GangliaInterpretation Belief And Disbelief Differ From Uncertainty In That Both Provide Information That Can Subsequently Inform Behavior And Emotion The Mechanism Underlying This Difference Appears To Involve The Anterior Cingulate Cortex ACC And The Caudate While Many Areas Of Higher Cognition Are Likely Involved In Assessing The Truth Value Of Linguistic Propositions, The Final Acceptance Of A Statement As True, Or Its Rejection As False, Seems To Rely On Primitive, Hedonic Processing In The Medial Prefrontal Cortex And The Anterior Insula Truth May Be Beauty, And Beauty Truth, In Than A Metaphorical Sense, And False Propositions Might Actually Disgust UsAD THE FULL PAPER HERE Functional Neuroimaging Of Belief, Disbelief, And Uncertainty READ THE EDITORIAL ABOUT THE STUDY WRITTEN BY OLIVER SACKS JOY HIRSCH HERE Neurology Of Belief