❮Download❯ ➹ The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory Author Carol J. Adams – Replica-watches.co

❮Download❯ ➹ The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory Author Carol J. Adams – Replica-watches.co



10 thoughts on “The Sexual Politics of Meat: A Feminist-Vegetarian Critical Theory

  1. says:

    If the body becomes a special focus for women s struggle for freedom then what is ingested is a logical initial locus for announcing one s independence Refusing the male order in food, women practiced the theory of feminism through their bodies and their choice of vegetarianism This book questions the nature of feminism it questions its purpose, it s incompleteness and its prejudices within the world at large Now that an odd thing to say isn t it Prejudices, in a movement that argues for equality between the sexes Now let me explain Feminism is about the protection of the female body it s about the fruition of equal rights for women in society it s about breaking the stupid misogynistic rules set by the dominating patriarchy that cause differences Feminism argues that we all deserve choice, the basic right to make our own decisions and exist on the same level as everyone else It s not a big ask, freedom and equality should belong to all regardless of sex, gender or race Dominance functions best in a culture of disconnections and fragmentation Feminism recognizes connections Imagine However, Carol J Adams extends this idea to the non human The questions she raises are very pertinent On a basic level, she asks feminists to consider what they are arguing for As advocates of female rights and motherhood they would naturally be opposed to sexual exploitation and the forced separation between a mother and a child which occurs in all forms of animal agriculture Adams suggests that in the very act of eating meat, feminists are defeating their own objectives She argues that one cannot call themselves a feminist if they partake in such things In a way, they are destroying the female body by consuming it And it s a very interesting point Rather than offering criticism, she suggests all feminists need to be vegetarian in order to be stronger feminists Now lets rewind, this isn t an effort to reduce the achievements of feminist or what they do There have been many great feminists who achieved wonders for women, regardless of what they happened to eat What Adams is suggesting, through cold hard logic and fact, that in order to be a better feminist, a complete feminist, one should be a vegetarian or a vegan By avoiding meat, it is a direct challenge to the patriarchy and the norms that set a slaughtered female body on our plates and call it dinner In some respects we all acknowledge the sexual politics of meat When we think that men, especially male athletes, need meat, or when wives report that they could give up meat but they fix it for their husbands, the overt association between meat eating and virile maleness is enacted It is the covert associations that are elusive to pinpoint as they are so deeply embedded within our culture.Toxic masculinity is also an issue Adams brings to the fray the idea that men need meat It s associated with masculinity, and vegans and vegetarians who don t partake are often represented as weak or womanly This is of course false within society Vegans and vegetarian can be world leading athletes yet, this label remains Adams addresses some of the propaganda and societal conditioning that creates this sense of unease for men Disproportionately, there is a much larger percentage of women who don t eat meat than there are men who do not Food for thought, I think This is a very important book in the realms of animal studies and ecocriticism And, from a personal point of view, it has influenced me greatly as both a vegan and a student of literature I urge people to read it, even if it is just to see a perspective different to their own This was written 30 years ago now, and when considering the recent surge in green movements, animal rights advocacy and veganism, it s relevant now than ever These ideas are gaining credence and authority as time goes on.Blog Twitter Facebook Insta Academia


  2. says:

    Recently my adult English class were studying the topic of nature which had a section on animals One of the opinions on the page was something along the lines of the world would be a healthier and happier place if everyone went vegetarian and it would be good for the environment too After giving time for students to discuss this and other ideas, I asked if they agreed with it and was answered by a chorus of heartfelt no s Why not, I wanted to hear, and the students vehemently insisted that eating meat was essential to survival and health You have to eat meat they said, using the strongest form for expressing obligation available to them Since I ve mentioned that I m a vegan before, my students were arguing against the evidence standing in front of them, and perhaps I should have demanded an explanation as to how I had somehow survived for the past 16 years during which I haven t eaten meat, but I focussed on dismissing The Protein Myth, which has folks believing that essential amino acids are missing from vegetable foods, or that the amino acids in such foods are not the same as the ones we need to make proteins in our bodies I wanted to squash the bad science quickly and move the class on to ethical arguments I was unprepared for this wall of resistance and strength of conviction in the necessity of meat.I don t know why I was so surprised, since I had been reading Carol Adams book The Sexual Politics of Meat , which addresses the mysterious difficulties of vegetarians to be heard over the dominance of the texts of meat Since these are written into white culture we are heard as aggressive in our very refusal to partake Plutarch is quoted suggesting vegetarians flip the question everyone asks us and invite the interlocutor to explain why they feel it s alright to eat the dead flesh of animals, but this level of provocation usually backfires One of the uses of spurious scientific arguments against vegetarianism is obviously to deflect the possibility of an ethical discussion likewise the hypotheticals wise guys and gals love to bombard us with relating to desert islands and other unlikely situations What would you do if I put a gun to a cow s head and threatened to pull the trigger if you refused to eat a burger wondered a classmate of mine recently, surely begging the question but why would you do that Anyway, while the terminology seemed a bit out of date to me, much of the analysis was valuable The idea of meat as a macho food is overt, but Adams seeks to illuminate how deep the parallels run between the status and optics of women and of animals in white Euro USian culture and society I was actually most moved by the opening section in which she points out that women everywhere go without food, especially meat, to ensure that men eat well and eat meat The discussion of rape though, made neither logical nor intuitive sense to me, and I lost the thread of the argument at times.A key topic that does resonate for me is the development of meat consumption Adams identifies four historical stages, the first being vegetarianism, followed by hunting, followed by subsistence farming, followed by industrialised agri business The Euro USian world is obviously in the fourth stage , which is mostly pretty horrific Adams considers meat eating on the scale of this cultural group to be enmeshed with white supremacy and to some extent imposed with colonisation around the world Listening to Radio 4 s Farming Today I regularly hear reports on British farmers seeking expanding markets in BRIC countries where animalised and feminised protein meat, dairy products and eggs in Adams terminology are being consumed in increasing quantities The analysis on the radio never gets beyond they want it because they can afford it now , continually reinforcing the food hierarchy with meat at the top Little attention is paid to the health or environmental implications, or the farmers intention to create demand Compassion for livestock is obviously unmentionable.While I appreciate Adams reflections on meat eating as white supremacy, and agree with her critique of Pat Parker s poem To my Vegetarian Friend , I feel the aspect of intersections between culture and racism and meat industries is underdeveloped Reading Toni Morrison s Beloved, one of many books that confronts me with the fact that Black slaves in the US were treated far worse even than animals raised for food who, as Adams points out, receive the trappings of care from humans, I am reminded that white veg ans like myself are regularly guilty of reinflicting, reinscribing or callously ignoring white supremacy and other aspects of kyriarchy This week I read about vegans of colour protesting the antics of Thug Kitchen The Sistah Vegan Project and other thoughtful, intersectional work should be required reading for vegan activists Still, Adams started the ball rolling taking veggies to task for misogyny, not that it s over Tweeting as my local Green Party branch on the topic of raising the number of women in parliament, I received a response from a white man why not focus on helping animals instead govegan presumably, only male animals Adams makes an intriguing connection between the fragmentation of animal bodies and of texts, specifically, the silencing of women s texts and especially as bearers of the vegetarian word It is important that Frankenstein, much analysed and admired, has been ignored as a vegetarian text, and also that so many attempts have been made to attribute it to Shelley s husband, since it s inconceivable that a woman can have written something so brilliant I really enjoyed the literature analysis, and I will add veg anism to the lenses I try to look through in my reading, as it seems to be all too rarely applied.One of the questions addressed by Adams analysis is that of why women, and specifically some feminists, have been drawn to vegetarianism Aside from the clear association of meat and masculinity, to what extent have women embraced plant based diets as a form of protest against patriarchal violence Because feminism and vegetarianism both tend to be ridiculed and excluded from mainstream discourse, there is a need for loving excavation of vegetarian reflections in woman oriented texts, such as the work of Alice Walker.She mentions an Victorian article about teenage girls who refuse to eat meat, which treats the behaviour as an eating disorder but, happily, recommends kindness and healthy alternatives, not coercion This apparently common experience of the body rejecting meat, of meat becoming ineffably wrong was my own at the age of fourteen Disgust is a strange emotion, and I still cannot say whether mine has its roots in my conscience I can only say that as I have removed animal products from my diet, I have ceased to see them as food, and increasingly I can t imagine how I ever ate them I was led to vegetarianism by disgust, and ethical conviction followed perhaps then, I act, and afterwards find my action good Going vegan though, I was led by concern for hungry people and warming planet, and compassion for other animals, and disgust came after It is not possible for me to separate them when asked why I am vegan, I say all the reasons , so I note that this journey out of eating animals is very personal and full of obstacles I have to thank countless people for clearing my way, including Adams, but I also have to acknowledge many privileges that have enabled me, such as money, time, whiteness, education, and living in a place with an active and creative vegan community where veganism has some recognition.I am publishing this review in celebration of the start of World Vegan Month and the 70th birthday of the Vegan Society I invite all my readers to get involved in some delicious way you definitely don t have to be vegan to 3 vegan ice cream, for example


  3. says:

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  4. says:

    let me preface this review by saying that carol adams is a true pioneer in the field of eco vegetarian feminist critical theory she sheds light on how systems of oppression intersect with one another and how capitalism, patriarchy, racism and classism converge and are expressed in the oppression and exploitation of animals i think this is a seminal work in the field and warrants thoughtful reading it provides an alternative critique of capitalist and patriarchal systems of oppression and is a good starting point for feminists interested in furthering this area.that being said, i felt that this work lacked a basis in existing theory and research this weakened some of adams claims and arguments it would have been helpful for adams to painstakingly trace the lineage of her arguements for the reader, especially for those who do not have a background in feminist critical theory or animal liberation without this, she seemed to leave gaps in many of her claims and conclusions which could lead the reader to question the validity of her arguments i would recommend this book to anyone who is involved in animal liberation or ecofeminism it is controversial and stimulating.


  5. says:

    How could I resist a title like this This is supposed to be a classic, whatever that means And I really came at this book wanting to like it, being a vegetarian feminist that s long wished for ANY critical theory that I don t consider to be a massive inward looking circle jerk But unfortunately it is quite bonkers There are some basic points I was on board with There are some interesting ways that women and meat are connected by da patriarchy meat eating is associated with strength and virility and was reserved for men in many cultures through history or if food was scarce Sexism and eating meat both involve the reduction of women animals to body parts for consumption, and as a result necessitate a certain denial of the existence of women animals as conscious beings Adams calls this phenomenon the absent referent which is probably the best concept in here Thus there s some very early 90s feminist linguistics examining phrases like leg man breast man and associating this with the names we have for meat and the fact they re usually different from what we call the animals themselves This is all thought provoking but she s stretching these associations to the point of borderline insanity by arguing that women and animals are in the same boat with regards to patriarchal oppression This is as insulting to farm animals as it is to women I mean, I may have been groped in a club but I ve never had to live in a cage so small I can t even turn around in it have I Men let us live in their own houses with them Like pet dogs Lucky us Thank god I m not a lit theory student any How is this sort of wooly thinking supposed to solve actual problems There is nothing here that will help us achieve global access to education for women Or close the pay gap Or achieve higher standards of welfare for animals on farms while still supporting farmers Or solve the conundrum that, in fact, the best way to protect a rare breed is to vote with your feet and eat it Or to even consider that, due to industrial farming, it s impossible to even eat vegetables without decimating the lives and natural habitat of all sorts of animals I could go on No, the only thing books like this are good for is to make the already converted feel insufferably pleased with themselves It utterly fails to be persuasive.This is the sort of raving pseudo intellectualism that gives us feminist vegetarians a bad name.


  6. says:

    The New York Times runs an essay contest on the ethics of meat eating The judges are animal rights advocates and plant based nutrition gurus They are all men.Carol J Adams wrote The Sexual Politics of Ethics and questioned the choice of an all male panel Why wasn t a single female included Karen Davis, Pattrice Jones, Lauren Ornelas, Erica Meier, Josephine Donovan, Greta Gaard, Lori Gruen, Marla Rose, Laura Wright, Kim Socha, Breeze Harper, Jasmin Singer or Mariann Sullivan for example Why not Carol J Adams I looked up from the article A lot of my own animal rights and plant based diet role models and heroes are men Wait, all men And I hadn t heard of most of these women Uh oh.There are some thoughtful ideas about What s Wrong with Only White Men Judging a Contest Defending Meat Eating But the source of my uh oh was discomfiting de ja vu when I m not reading the women I m missing out.I bought the 20th Anniversary Edition of The Sexual Politics of Meat A Feminist Vegetarian Critical Theory and started reading There are three prefaces to the original book 1990 , to the 10th anniversary edition, and to the 20th edition and a foreword before the actual book begins.The book describes the intersection between feminism, pacifism and vegetarianism conversely male dominance, war, and meat eating.The early chapters such as, The Rape of Animals, the Butchering of Women, link the consumption of animals and women They are painful reading Adams draws attention to gut churning abuses that mirror modern news headlines i.e Georgia Republican Compares Women to Cows, Pigs, And Chickens His thinking Pigs must carry dead fetuses to term and so must women Sad, but that s life Abortion is unethical.It s reading a book about an atrocity during the atrocity reading about the dystopia you inhabit.When I read news like this I think, We shouldn t treat animals like that either and If we raised the bar for how we treat animals, we d treat ourselves better This idea of including animals within the moral circle of consideration is part of a vegetarian body of thought and literature Vegetarians have been expressing this idea before the word vegetarian was coined in 1847 They were called Pythagoreans before The followers of Pythagoras had religious and ethical beliefs including metempsychosis, the transmigration of souls into the bodies of other animals, which excluded the eating of animals.Adams dives into this discussion in the middle of the book and the chapter The Word Made Flesh where she talks about how, Meat eating is a story applied to animals, it gives meaning to animals existence and the alternate vegetarian narrative Instead of a hero s journey, she describes a vegetarian quest wherein dietary choices conflict with the dominant culture.By the final chapters, I was wildly adding to my to read list In the last chapter, Feminist Vegetarian Critical Theory, Adams lists numerous works of fiction with feminist vegetarian themes.The book ends on a utopian note, Feminist vegetarian activity declares that an alternative worldview exists, one which celebrates life rather than consuming death one which does not rely on resurrected animals but empowered people and with a call for the creation of vegetarian rituals that celebrate the grace of eating plants and help counter patriarchal consumption.Of note, some feminist science fiction and utopian connections the chapter Frankenstein s Vegetarian Monster explores the Creature s vegetarianism and notes other works by Romantic vegetarians including Percy Shelley s Queen Mab arguably the first feminist, vegetarian, pacifist Utopia, Adams says Fact the average American eats 43 pigs, three lambs, 11 cows, four calves, 2,555 chickens and turkeys and 861 fishes in a lifetimePairs well with Upton Sinclair s The Jungle Percy Shelley s Queen Mab Mary Shelley s Frankenstein Eat Rice Have Faith in Women, Fran WinartQuotes It s a difficult task, o citizens, to make speeches to the belly which has no ears Cato The men were better hunters than the women, but only because the women had found that they could live quite well on foods other than meats Alice Walker, The Temple of My Familiar The slaughterhouse carries out its business in secret and decides what you will see, hides from you what it chooses Richard Selzer If the words which tell the truth about meat as food are unfit for our ears, the meat itself is not fit for our mouths Emarel Freshel As long as man kills the lower races for food or sport, he will be ready to kill his own race for enmity It is not this bloodshed or that bloodshed, that must cease, but all needless bloodshed all wanton infliction of pain or death upon our fellow beings Henry Salt May the fairies be vegetarian Judy Grahn, The Queen of Swords


  7. says:

    It s hard not to feel ambivalent strongly ambivalent about this book.Unless you re a student, or teacher, of feminist literature, it is somewhat of a slog to get through this book The Sexual Politics of Meat is mainly an analysis of feminist literature and most of the works to which Adams refers will seem obscure to the average reader.On the other hand, this book is considered a classic in the veg n genre and for good reason Adams artfully conveys a number of important ideas, chief among them that meat eating is strongly interrelated to other forms of oppression.As she puts it, Meat eating is to animals what white racism is to people of color, anti Semitism is to Jewish people, homophobia is to gay men and lesbians, and woman hating is to women All are oppressed by a culture that does not want to assimilate them fully on their grounds and with rights Amen to that.As a Jew, it is upsetting to me that most of my co religionists do not see the obvious parallels between the oppression and exploitation of animals, which is inherent in meat eating, and the oppression and exploitation of Jews throughout almost all of our history.And although I m a male, I m disappointed that the feminist movement largely ignores the exploitation of female organs in the dairy and egg industries Adams gives voice to these concerns, particularly the latter one.


  8. says:

    This book opened my eyes to a fundamental concept that I feel is lacking in most of discussions of most of the subjects we discuss, societally speaking the absent referent Sure, this book draws parallels between culture s attitude and treatment of animals and its treatment and attitude toward women, but it goes further with regard to the former It posits that the reason it s so easy for us to abuse, misuse, mistreat, and whatever animals the way we do, is that, linguistically, we strip our conversations of any actual events that directly reference the animal Like, if we had to talk about what happens to food animals in realistic, non euphemistic or non indirect ways, we would, perhaps, be less inclined to 1 eat them or 2 treat them the terrible ways Regardless of what you think of her central thesis which I find compelling , this book, and the idea of the absent referent, really opened my eyes to not only the kinds of conversations we have as a society, but the way we have them and what we talk about or don t talk about when we re in them.


  9. says:

    Look, this book was OK The things that make me not consider it to be a better work, was the cissexism and transphobia throughout the piece It turns out Adams mentor was Mary Daly, notorious for not just her radical feminism, but her extreme transphobia.The most blatant and simple demonstration of Adams prejudice was her treatment of Doctor James Barry When Dr Barry died, it was discovered that he was apparently born female Once she reveals this of Barry, Adams proceeds to repeatedly refer to him as her , just so she can further her arguments about women and an alleged natural preference for vegetarianism.The threads of her bigotry wove through the entire text, popping up now and again to be a bit obvious such as with Barry , and distracted from her overall point.I cannot recommend this as a good feminist text.


  10. says:

    I don t know whether it was the style or some other nebulous reason, but I found this book difficult to read It was well worth the effort, though, because the author presents an important hypothesis about the correlation between the ways women and animals are treated and regarded in society I found this book to be unique, as some of the information and ideas it presents I ve found in no other books.


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